OSIANDER, ANDREAS°


OSIANDER, ANDREAS°
OSIANDER, ANDREAS° (1498?–1552), German theologian, religious reformer, and hebraist . Born in Gunzenhausen (Franconia), Osiander was ordained a priest in 1520, but shortly thereafter converted to Protestantism, becoming one of the most influential reformers of the time. He was a Hebrew tutor at Nuremberg and continued his studies with a Jew, Woelfflein of Schnaittach, who was given the extraordinary privilege of visiting Nuremberg for that purpose. In the wake of the pezinok blood libel of 1529, Osiander published an anonymous refutation of the ritual murder charge, which led to a literary dispute with Johannes Eck. Although Osiander was himself a Lutheran theologian, in a private letter to elijah levita he vehemently denounced Martin Luther's anti-Jewish Vom Schem Hamphoras (1544). In 1548 Osiander left Nuremberg and was made professor of Hebrew at the then newly founded University of Koenigsberg, where he died a few years later. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Stern, Andreas Osianders Schrift ueber die Blutbeschuldigung (1893); Baron, Social2, 13 (1969), 228, 232f., 431f. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Osiander d.Ä., Gesamtausgabe, 10 vols. (1975–1995); G. Seebaß, Das reformatorische Werk des Andreas Osiander (1967); M. Stupperich, Osiander in Preußen, 15491552 (1973); G. Ph. Wolf, in: Zeitschrift fuer Bayerische Kirchengeschichte, 53 (1984), 49–77; B. Haegler, Die Christen und die "Judenfrage" am Beispiel der Schriften Osianders… (1992); H. Schreckenberg, Die christlichen Ad-versus-Judaeos-Texte … (1994), 612–5 (with bibliography). (Yehoshua Amir (Neumark) / Aya Elyada (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • OSIANDER, ANDREAS —    a German Reformer, born near Nüremberg, and attaching himself to Luther, became preacher there, and eventually professor of Theology at Königsberg; involved himself in a bitter controversy with Chemnitz on justification, ascribing it not to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Andreas Osiander — von Georg Pencz Papierzeichnung 1544 in Rom Andreas Osiander, (* 19. Dezember 1498 in Gunzenhausen; † 17. Oktober 1552 in Königsberg/Preußen ) war Theologe und deutscher Reformator …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andreas Osiander — Osiander redirects here. For Andreas family, see Osiander family. Andreas Osiander Born 19 December 1498 Gunzenhausen, Franconia Died 17 Oc …   Wikipedia

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  • Osiander — Andreas Osiander Andreas Osiander Andreas Osiander, né le 19 décembre 1498 à Gunzenhausen, Bavière mort en 1552 à Königsberg, Prusse, théologien réformateur allemand. Biographie Ordonné prêtre …   Wikipédia en Français


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